The last thing you want to find after retiring to your bed after a long day is a bed infested with bed bugs. A lot of people may not consider these bloodsucking insects, whose size can vary between 1mm to 7mm, to be that big of a nuisance. Even if these bugs do not carry any infectious disease with them in a way that a mosquito does, they can lead to potential harm by causing skin infection and rashes.

It is therefore key that you start taking early steps to get rid of these pests before they become a big problem as I did the very first day, I found one bed bug. We have therefore come up with a number of tips that shall help you make a thorough inspection of your bed and eliminate any such bugs.

*Know Where to Find Them

If you have recently found one bed bug and can’t find more it is important that you know the places where you can find them. Failing to detect where they are hiding can allow them to spread to other parts of your house. A single female can go on to lay up to 500 eggs in her lifetime which means the longer you wait to take action, the harder it becomes.

Bed bugs generally like to hide inside mattresses, couches and different parts of the bed such as frames, cracks, crevices and other tiny spaces that are ideal for their tiny flat bodies. Apart from these places, you can also have a look around furniture joints, baseboards, electrical outlets, etc.

*Detect Early Signs of the Bugs

It is common for people to mix up the itching caused due to bed bugs with that caused by mosquitoes. You should therefore look for the nature and location of the bite marks to narrow down the possibility of being bitten by either of the insects. Bed bugs bites are seen clustered in the areas of your body that are left uncovered by the clothes and are known to last longer. However, mosquitoes can bite at different parts at random and the marks can vanish comparatively quicker. Apart from signs on your body, you can also look for trails on your bed sheets and pillow covers such as droppings, eggs and stains caused by crushed bed bugs.

*Control their Spread

#1 Vacuuming

One of the easiest and most basic steps towards the capturing and removal of the bed bugs is vacuuming. It is highly recommended that you pack and dispose of the plastic bags with the trapped bugs after you perform a thorough vacuuming of the aforementioned hiding places which are likely to be infested with the bugs. While you are at it, try to minimize the number of such hiding places by sealing up the cracks and getting rid of unwanted items from around the bed.

#2 Laundering

You can then go on to wash all your bedding, curtains, and linen at the highest possible temperature. Higher temperature (117 to 122 degrees Fahrenheit) has been known to effectively eliminate bed bugs and their eggs. Expose the items that are not suited to washing to the highest available dryer setting.

#3 Buying a New Mattress

Another possible alternative is to go for a new mattress while you leave the infested mattress sealed in covers to restrain them from thriving further. However, make sure that the rest of the house is free of the bugs to prevent further infestation. To ensure extra protection for your new mattress you can also invest in a good mattress protector. Such protectors or encasements work wonders in keeping bed bugs, mites, dust particles and other allergenic substances.

#4 Chemical Treatment-

Though using insecticides can prove to be a very effective way to deal with the persistent bed bugs, it is key that you do proper research before choosing the type of chemical you are going to use. Some of the commonly used insecticides include pyrethrin, neonicotinoids, pyrrole, and desiccants among others.


Getting rid of bed bugs is not only important for keeping up your physical health and sleep quality but also crucial for your mental health as the presence of such bugs have been known to cause stress, anxiety or insomnia in some people. One must bring in professionals from pest control if it seems getting out of hand or the use of chemicals seems complicated.